Women across the world continue to suffer from gender inequality, including child- and forced marriage, gender-based violence, sexist policies, as well as barriers to participation in education and employment. Achieving gender equity globally is crucial to meeting development goals, reducing human suffering and solving our biggest environmental problems. 


Families in developing countries prefer boy child than girl child. Women would stop bearing another pregnanacy when the first child is boy. As well as women continue to bear another pregnanacies until their last child is a boy. A lower preference is given to girl child.

It gradually increases the Population growth by unwanted child bearing due to gender preference. The preference should be given to the girl child or what ever the first child is born regardless of girl/boy. This would stop over population.


Fertility rates are high because of misinformation about side-effects of contraceptives, lack of knowledge about the benefits of small families, and religious or male opposition to contraception.

UNFPA (United Nations Population Fund) estimates that more than 200 million women in developing countries have an unmet need for modern contraception. In fact, this number is still increasing due to family planning services not keeping pace with rapid population growth in the most vulnerable areas.


Women shouldn’t be restricted by socio-cultural/traditional barriers in the family planning and family decisions. Women should be provided the equal right as same as men in the family. Family shouldn’t pressure to bear a child and women have right to bear a child or not without consideration of other family memebers.


Education helps in focusing on the career and skill development rather than getting married. It plays an important role in the economy of any country. Ending the practice of child- and forced marriage, which violate girls’ rights to a healthy, fulfilling life. Globally, one in four girls does not attend secondary school and one in five girls is married before her 18th birthday. Child marriage robs girls of a bright future and brings a high risk of death and injury related to pregnancy and childbirth. In most developing countries, a woman’s ability to determine the number and spacing of her children is limited or non-existent.

Population Matters is calling for women’s empowerment globally, including:

  • Ensuring equal participation of girls and women in education and the work place;
  • Giving women sovereignty over their bodies, including unrestricted access to modern contraception and abortion;
  • Ending the practice of child- and forced marriage, which violate girls’ rights to a healthy, fulfilling life;
  • Granting women full equality under all laws and ending all policies that disadvantage women;
  • Eliminating patriarchal attitudes and behaviours that cause women to suffer and that prevent them from accessing positions of power;
  • Providing adequate parental leave and childcare opportunities that enable women to have the same unhindered career progression as their partners.

Project Drawdown, which compares the effectiveness of different measures to curb climate change, has shown that educating girls and securing women’s voluntary right to high-quality family planning together could reduce atmospheric carbon dioxide by 85 gigatonnes, making this one of the most powerful solutions to climate change.

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